• Dinar Saputra Paramadina University


Psychological distress, Self-injurious behaviour (SIB), Art therapy


The aim of this research is to identify the decline of Self-Injurious Behavior of young adults who experience psychological distress after participating in art therapy intervention. Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a problem that often occurs to some individuals who because they are unable to manage their stress and express it in positive ways. SIB is a direct and intentional behavior to create destructive conduct to themselves without having any intention to commit suicide, but usually it is used as a negative coping of individual’s emotional problem (Walsh, 2007). The pressure can be influence by the their psychological distress. To avoid and address any posibility of the negative impacts that will occur to SIB patient, an appropriate psychological intervention is necessary being implemented. In this research art therapy is being used as one of thesecured media for emotional catharsis. The design of the research is single subject experiment using the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods on three participants. Data collection was conducted by, interviews and observations. Subjective Unit Distress (SUDS) was utilized to obtain quantitative measurement. Result based on The Self-Injury Questionnaire-Treatment Related (SIQ-TR) and Self-Injury Behavior Scale (SIB) indicate that the SIB of the three participants were reduced after participating in art therapy.


Adriani, S. N., & Satiadarma, M. P. (2011). Efektivitas art therapy dalam mengurangi kecemasan pada remaja pasien leukimia. Indonesian Journal of Cancer, 5 (1), 31-47.

Claes, L., & Vandereycken, W. (2007). The self-injury questionnaire-treatment (SIQ-TR): construction, reliability, and validity in a sample of female eating disorder patients. In P.M. Goldfarb (Ed.), Psychological Testd and Testing Research Trends (pp. 111-139). New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Duffy, D. F. (2009). Self-injury. Journal of Clinical Psychological Review, 8 (7), 237-240.

Hoffman, R. M., & Kress, V. E. (2010). Adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: Minimizing client and counselor risk and enhancing clien care. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32, 342-347.

James, L. (2008). Cognitive and Behavioural Theraph Strategis for Grief (5th Ed.). Unpublished Book.

Kanan, L., Finger. J., & Plog, A. E. (2008). Self-Injury and Youth: Best Practices for School Intervention. Journal of Mental Health, 2, 67–79.

Klonsky, E. D., & Muehlenkamp, J. J. (2007). Self-injury: A research review for the practitioner. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 63 (11), 1045-1056.

Landgarten, H. B. (1981). Clinical art therapy: A comprehensive guide. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Malchiodi, C. A. (2005). Expressive therapies; History, theory, and practice. New York: The Guilford Press.

Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (2003). Social cause of psychological distress. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Nainis, N., Judith A. P., Julia, R., James H. W., Jerry, L., & Susan, S. (2006). Relieving symptoms in cancer: Innovative use of art therapy. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 31 (2).

Nevid, Jeffrey S, Spencer A. Rathus, Beverly Greene. 2002. Psikologi abnormal Edisi Kelima Jilid 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Rice. P. L. (1992). Stress and Health (2nd Edition). Belmont, CA: Brooks Publishing Company.

Ristic, Renée Fucilla. (2005). Self-Injurious Behavior in People with Developmental Disabilities. The Journal of Safe Management of Disruptive and Assaultive Behavior.

Safaria, T & Saputra, N. E. (2009). Manajemen emosi (sebuah panduan cerdas bagaimana mengelola emosi positif dalam hidup anda). Jakarta, INA: Bumi Aksara.

Satiadarma, M. P. (1997). Manfaat menggambar bagi anak-anak: Gambaran umum dampak positif menggambar bagi perkembangan anak. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi “ARKHE”, 3, 25-32.

Shaheen, F & Alam, Md. S. (2010). Psychological distress and its relation to attributional styles and coping strategies among adolescents. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 36 (2), 231-238.

Trepal, H. C., & Wester, K. L. (2007). Self-injurious behaviors, diagnoses, and treatment methods: What mental health professionals are reporting. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29, 363-375.

Vos, A. D., Strydom, H., Fouche, CB., & Delport, CSL. (2011). Research at grass roots for the social sciences and human service professions (4nd Ed). Van Schaik Publishers.

Walsh, B. (2007). Clinical assessment of self-injury: A practical guide. Journal of clinical Psychology: In Session, 63 (11), 1057-1068.