MEMBANGUN KOMUNITAS YANG KREDIBEL: KOMITMEN TERHADAP INSTITUSI SEBAGAI PRASYARAT MENUJU KOMUNITAS KEAMANAN ASEAN 2015
ASEAN is not ready to be a “security community” in the region despite its
claim as a “pluralistic security community”. ASEAN dispute settlement
mechanism such as the TAC, the ARF, and the ASEAN High Council have
lost its legitimacy because there has been less political will from ASEAN
member states to use them. While there is reluctance, ASEAN have created
new form of institution called AIPR. Instead of using any of those
institutions, ASEAN relied on external power such as UNSC, ICJ, and OIC.
Traditional dispute settlement which emphasizes on bilateral mechanism
rather than multilateral one has also weakened existing frameworks they
have. The aim of this article is to describe the institutional problems
embedded in the creation of ASEAN Security Community. Using
constructivism in International Relations, this article emphasizes on norms
and identity relation. This article claims that in order to shape collective
identity, ASEAN member states should build mutual trust by returning to
their genuine institutions of conflict resolution. Because the management of
internal disputes settlement among member states is the core of security
community idea, their commitment to institutions mentioned above will
determine whether or not ASEAN is ready to be a security community. If
they failed to conform norms, they would have no capacity to build a sense of
community. If they have no sense of community, they would have no
community at all.
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